Local Foods

The Local Foods Vital Sign broadly addresses the quality and availability of Puget Sound food resources for traditional, subsistence, and recreational uses. Eating local foods provides a suite of human wellbeing benefits. High quality local foods often contain fewer or no chemical fertilizers and pesticides and tend to be higher in nutrition, thus contributing to physical health. The act of collecting, preparing and sharing such foods maintains cultural knowledge and practices and often builds social relationships. 

The Local Foods Vital Sign tracks two indicators of non-commercial shellfish harvest and one public survey-based indicator that asks residents how often they collect different Puget Sound wild foods.


Key Vital Sign Messages

  • The Puget Sound region provides an abundance of locally harvestable foods, including finfish and shellfish, other animals and birds, and plant-based greens, roots, nuts and fruits.
  • Puget Sound wild foods and local farms provide high quality food as well as an opportunity for people to make meaningful connections with the region’s natural resources. Harvesting activities help form and strengthen residents’ sense of place and stewardship of the environment.
  • A survey of Puget Sound residents tells us that over half of the population does harvest local foods at least once per season. Plants, berries and mushrooms are more likely to be harvested than fish, shellfish or game species.
  • Each year, over 200,000 people demonstrate their interest in recreational crabbing by purchasing a Puget Sound Dungeness crab fish license. Unfortunately, recent years have seen an increasing number of harvest closures in South and Central Puget Sound in response to declining Dungeness crab populations.
  • There is a long-standing tradition of harvesting clams and oysters along the beaches of Puget Sound. Most people harvest shellfish at beaches in the Hood Canal or North Sound regions. Pollution limits people’s access to shellfish harvest at many beaches in Central and South Sound.
  • DOH recently announced that certain shellfish beaches near Hoodsport in southern Hood Canal and along Vashon-Maury Island are now safe for harvest. This good news reflects successful efforts to improve water quality. 
  • Salmon are an important cultural and economic resource for tribes and are highly prized by anglers and commercial fishermen. Regional and local partners are committed to restoring salmon habitat and recovering salmon populations in Puget Sound. Healthy salmon runs mean more salmon for harvest.
  • Toxics in fish limit the amount of seafood we can safely eat and raise concerns regarding inequitable health impacts on communities who rely on local Puget Sound seafood.
  • Implementation Strategies are plans for achieving specific Vital Sign indicator recovery targets. All of the plans strive for healthy ecosystem conditions essential for species and food webs as well as human health and quality of life, including the ability to access and harvest local food resources.

Strategies, Actions, and Effectiveness

  • Commercial and recreational shellfish beds are a priority focus area for the Partnership's 2018 Action Agenda (scroll to the bottom of the page to view and download activities in the 2018 Action Agenda).
  • What's working to restore Puget Sound? Answers from effectiveness evaluations

Other Resources

Contributing Partners


Mary Ramirez and Nathalie Hamel, Vital Signs Reporting Team
Last Updated